Energy Efficiency

There are critical needs for device technologies that not only operate with greater efficiency and less waste, but also for technologies that can more efficiently capture, transform and store energy and power from either natural sources (like the sun) or engineered sources like the electrical grid. The ability to control and construct new materials at the nanoscale allows us to construct a broad range of devices and systems with important benefits for improved efficiencies in lighting, catalysis, energy capture, generation and storage.

Faculty Research

Kaustav Banerjee

Electrical & Computer Engineering
Ultra low-power and low-voltage devices and circuits (nanometer CMOS and beyond CMOS) including sub-kT/q devices, subthreshold circuits, NEMS and hybrid CMOS-NEMS circuits; power/thermal management: from atoms to heat sinks; nano-enhanced passives for ultra high-density and high-performance energy storage, novel energy conversion/scavenging applications of carbon nanotubes and graphene.

Guillermo Bazan

Chemistry & Biochemistry
Design of well-defined initiators for polymerization reactions, the study of photophysical processes in advanced organic photonic materials and the design of interconnects for bringing together molecular wires.

Glenn Beltz

Mechanical Engineering
Ceramic composite design; solid mechanics applied to materials problems, such as the remediation of crystalline defects in gallium nitride and other optoelectronic films.

Daniel Blumenthal

Electrical & Computer Engineering
Electronics and Photonics: fiber-optic networks, wavelength and subcarrier division multiplexing, photonic packet switching, signal processing in semiconductor optical devices, wavelength conversion, microwave photonics.

Steven Buratto

Chemistry & Biochemistry
Conjugated Oligomers, Porous Silicon, Polyelectrolyte Films, Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy, Ag/Au Clusters on TiO2.

Michael Chabinyc

Materials
Flexible electronic devices. Organic semiconductors for thin film transistor and photovoltaics. Materials for energy storage and conversion. Characterization of polymer films.

Bradley Chmelka

Chemical Engineering
Molecular Sieves (Zeolites), Polymer Structure and Dynamics, Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Materials, and NMR Spectroscopy.

Glenn Fredrickson

Chemical Engineering
Theoretical and computational polymer science, many of these aimed at understanding self-assembling polymers and complex fluids, and especially block copolymer systems.

Michael Gordon

Chemical Engineering
synthesis and characterization of nanoscale materials as well as the development of scanning probe microscopy (SPM) methods for optical, electrical, and mechanical interrogation of nanoscale systems in material science, microelectronics, catalysis, and biology.

Arthur Gossard

Materials
Quantum Structure Growth, Science and Technology; High Performance Graded Quantum Structures; Quantum Wire and Quantum Dot Growth and Devices; MBE Technology for Ultrafast, Ultra-high-density Optoelectronic Devices; Smart Optoelectronic Pixel Technology; Cryogenic Lasers for Low-Temperature Electronics; Advanced Infrared Detectors Based on Strained Layer Superlattices.

Craig Hawker

Materials Department and Materials Research Lab
Current interests include design, synthesis and exploitation of nanoscopically defined materials in applications ranging from next-generation microelectronic devices to diagnostic agents for detection and treatment of cardiovascular disease.

Alan Heeger

Physics
Physics of conductive and light-emitting polymers, biosensors.

Gary Leal

Chemical Engineering
Fluid mechanics, complex fluids, surfactant and nanoparticle effects on interfaces, vesicle formation and stability, polymer rheology.

Eric McFarland

Chemical Engineering
Catalysis, Surface Science, and Reaction Engineering, Electronic and Photonic Semiconductor Materials.

Horia Metiu

Chemistry & Biochemistry
Catalysis in zeolites and on metal nanoparticles supported on oxides; single-molecule quantum mechanics; electronic structure and transport in thermoelectric materials; theoretical chemical physics.

Igor Mezic

Mechanical Engineering
Applied mechanics, non-linear dynamics, fluid mechanics, applied mathematics, active (chaotic advection) methods in micromixing, nonlinear dynamics and control of dielectrophoretic separation of bioparticles, bioparticle control for biosensing, control of spin systems.

Daniel E. Morse

Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology
Proteins, genes and molecular mechanisms controlling biological nanofabrication of high-performance mineral-organic composites, and innovative strategies to harness these mechanisms for new routes to nanofabrication of electronic, magnetic and optical materials.

Thuc-Quyen Nguyen

Chemistry & Biochemistry
Photophysics and electronic properties of novel organic and metal-organic hybrid materials for applications in nanotechnology such as molecular electronics, transistors, photovoltaics, and sensors.

Christopher Palmstrom

Electrical & Computer Engineering and Materials
Heteroepitaxial growth of novel materials and structures to form the basis for making new electronic, optoelectronic, magnetic and micromechanical devices.

Todd Squires

Chemical Engineering
Micro-scale fluid mechanics and transport science - microfluidics, electrokinetics, and ion transport; active, nonlinear and interfacial microrheology of complex materials; polymer and nanoparticle dynamics and sensing.

David Valentine

Earth Sciences
Professor Valentine studies the interaction among microbes and between microbes and the Earth system. He uses tools of isotope geochemistry and molecular microbiology to probe fundamental questions at the interface of biology, chemistry and earth science.

Chris Van de Walle

Materials Department
First-principles calculations, optoelectronic materials, semiconductors and oxides, hydrogen generation and storage, metal/semiconductor nanocomposites.

Fred Wudl

Chemistry & Biochemistry
Currently interested in optical and electro-optical properties of conjugated polymers, organic chemistry of fullerenes, and design and preparation of self-mending polymers.